Innovation: Small Firm versus Large Firm


I theorize that innovation works best in a small firm because different goals exist than in the larger firm. Some justification exists in the literature supporting this theory. Large firms place improving shareholder value through stock price appreciation ahead of discovery of innovative solutions (Crochetiere, 2011). Corporate managers concern themselves with shareholder wealth enhancement and emphasize short-term profitability.

Founders of small innovative firms put products and services first ahead of profitability. Steve Jobs offers a good example with his obsession to create computers for students. Job’s passion put product ahead of profits (Deutschman, 2000). Jobs exited from Apple when the company put the focus on shareholder wealth instead of perfecting the product (Levy, 2011).

Small business owners starting a company should consider their goal. A founder should consider if the motivation is to cash out or extinguish a burning fire to solve a problem with a new product or innovative service. A firm that opts for the latter should avoid acquisition by larger firms and keep it simple.

Crochetiere (2011) found evidence suggesting large firms produce fewer patents and innovations than smaller firms.  Larger firms not only produce fewer patents, but lose stakeholders and their acquisitions result in greater variability in stock prices.

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References

Crochetiere, B. (2011). Transcending technological innovation: The impact of acquisitions on entrepreneurial technical organizations. (D.B.A. 3482298), Walden University, United States — Minnesota. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/909085620?accountid=35812 ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT) database.

Deutschman, A. (2000). The second coming of Steve Jobs. New York, NY: Random House.

Levy, S. (2011). The revolution according to Steve Jobs. Wired. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/11/ff_stevejobs/all/1

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